To implement infectious disease control and management, precise, science-based information is required. The Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) conceptualized and funded two systems for near real-time domestic and global swine disease monitoring. The near real-time information on swine disease made available by these systems will enable better, faster, and more effective response to endemic or foreign infectious diseases. By funding these projects, SHIC helps the industry toward better swine health information to positively impact the long-term sustainability of pork production. The result is a stronger, more vibrant US pork industry.
SHIC’s domestic disease monitoring reports are the result of the veterinary diagnostic lab (VDL) data standardization project the Center supported. The model describes dynamics of disease detection by pathogen over time, specimen, age group, and geographical space.
An advisory group has been formed to help give context to the data collected and interpret it. The goal is to aggregate swine diagnostic data from participating reporting VDLs then present it in an intuitive format via shared reports and web dashboards.
The global swine disease surveillance report system was developed at the University of Minnesota using a private-public-academic partnership including collaboration with the USDA/APHIS Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health (USDA-CEAH).
While planned to be published monthly, incidents of emerging swine diseases will be communicated immediately, as needed. Experts reviewing the information will use their expertise to score the relevance and importance of each incident to the US pork industry. As conditions may change, so will the relevance scoring.
The Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) strengthens its swine disease prevention and preparedness effort by remaining aware of how other international agencies are monitoring and reporting activity. Information from these reports provides awareness of emerging disease issues globally.
Canada’s CEZD is a virtual network combining automated information-mining tool data with multidisciplinary analytical capability by experts. CEZD’s automated system collects and filters disease signals from 21 news sources which are then reviewed by experts before distribution including analysis. CZED is a collaborative effort and connected to the Canadian Animal Health Surveillance System.
Great Britain’s quarterly report reviews disease trends and threats facing their national herd, intended to inform government, the veterinary profession, and farmers. Data for this report is collected by Animal & Plant Health Agency (APHA) as well as Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) Veterinary Services Division along with other contributors in their Pig Expert Group networks.
The US Animal Health Association shares an OIE global animal disease activity report weekly. Their multi-species report is shared here with permission in downloadable pdf format.