September 1, 2020
This month’s Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report features the launch of new section, “Focus on…” In Part 1 of this new section, read more about swine disease in Asia. The largest outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) of 2020 so far has been reported in Kyiv province of Ukraine. In China, severe measures to control the production and use of illegal ASF vaccines are being taken. And learn more about how the Danish fence on the German border has proved to be effective in reducing wild boars’ density from 35 to 40 to less than 25.
August 5, 2020
In this month’s Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report, read about the first African swine fever (ASF) reports in Latvia and Slovakia where new cases were found in domestic pigs. The ASF outbreak expands in Nigeria where nine states have reported the disease. Foot-and-mouth disease has been diagnosed in Rwanda for the first time since 2017. The report also includes information on an OIE and FAO joint initiative for an ASF global control strategy.
July 8, 2020
In California last month, 19,555 pounds of smuggled food products from China were found by US Customs and Border Patrol. Nigeria reports the largest outbreak of ASF in the last 12 years. Information on avian-like H1N1 swine influenza virus in China is included in this report along with information on the OIE-FAO Network of expertise on animal influenza which released a communication regarding Influenza G4. Further details are included in the full report.
June 3, 2020
In the June Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report you will read about USDA updating its African swine fever (ASF) Strategic Plan. Learn more about ASF in wild boar in Europe and the Pirbright Institute’s progress on an ASF vaccination. In Switzerland, the concern is the first recurrence of PRRS since March 2014.
May 5, 2020
In Poland, 450 farms in the province of Greater Poland have been placed into lockdown, involving over 30,000 pigs in total, due to African swine fever (ASF). Five Chinese provinces reported new ASF outbreaks since last year. Authorities said the risk of ASF has increased significantly as farmers rush to rebuild their herds. India reported its first outbreak of ASF in the state of Assam in northeastern India. There, over 2500 pigs have died across 306 villages. ASF in Papua New Guinea continues with authorities confirming the first outbreak in Southern Highlands province. The Australian swine industry remains on high alert.
April 7, 2020
The Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report for April includes information on experimental results from the Friedrich Loeffler-Institut (FLI) showing pigs are not susceptible to the virus responsible for COVID-19. In Poland, the first two outbreaks of African swine fever (ASF) in commercial pig farms in the western part of the country are reported as well as notes that ASF detected in wild boar 10 km from the German border. Papua New Guinea authorities confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Southern Highlands province which has the Australian swine industry on high alert. ASF is suspected in Bali. And a report review on Business Continuity in the Face of African swine fever – Compartmentalization Strategy is also included.
March 2, 2020
In this month’s report, we read the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) provided an updated analysis of the epidemiology of African swine fever (ASF). Their key findings are shared in the report. Greece confirmed the first case of ASF in backyard farm less than 50 miles from the border with Bulgaria. A new ASF outbreak in Myanmar was discovered. In the Philippines, the government ordered the culling of what remained of the 100,000 hogs in Davao occidental province. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) FMD was confirmed in the northern part of Kenya.
February 5, 2020
In the February report, we learn Serbia confirmed new cases of African swine fever (ASF) near its border with Bulgaria and Romania, a first in wild board in this country. In Italy, illegal Chinese pork was seized, arriving hidden under a shipment of vegetables arriving in Padoa. Classical swine fever (CSF) was diagnosed on the island of Okinawa, the first outbreak there since 1986. Experts said that the disease may have entered through leftover food scraps. In Russia, a new foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreak was confirmed close to the Chinese and Mongolian border. A high level international conference on the future of pork production and ASF was held in Berlin, Germany, on January 17, 2020. The goal was fostering coordinated global actions to reduce the impact of ASF on pork production and international trade.
January 9, 2020
African swine fever (ASF) continues to spread with an outbreak in North Sumatra, Indonesia confirmed, making this the 11th country in the region to be affected. In Belgium, remains of a wild boar were discovered outside the inner observation zone, raising concern. As ASF gets closer to Germany, the country sets preparedness and early response protocols. Representatives from Germany have also formed a joint task force with counterparts from Poland for control efforts. Classical swine fever has also been discovered in Japan’s Okinawa prefecture for the first time in 33 years.
December 4, 2019
A new outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) outbreak was reported in wild boar in the Polish province of Lubusz in November. ASF continues to be diagnosed in South Korea where the 34th wild board was reported late in the month. A European Union risk assessment reports a “very high risk” of ASF spreading to nine countries in south-eastern Europe, each currently ASF-free. A foot-and-mouth disease diagnosis in South Africa has suspended that country’s FMD-free zone.
May 7, 2019
n the Swine Health Information Center’s May Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report, the first African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Cambodia is detailed as well as the continuing expansion in China where all geographical regions have now been impacted by the disease. Notes on USDA’s action to license an ASF vaccine are included in the Report as well as a summary of an Aujeszky’s disease outbreak in France. Classical swine fever presence and spread in Brazil and Japan are also discussed.
March 5, 2019
In the March Swine Health Information Center Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report, details on the African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Vietnam as of February 28 are included as well as information on the further spread of the disease in three Chinese provinces. Information on Australia’s detection of both ASF and foot-and-mouth disease in seized pork products at airports is included. The report also contains information on classical swine fever in Japan.
February 4, 2019
In the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) February Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report, the first porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PED) outbreak in Alberta, Canada, is reported. This report also includes information on the UK African swine fever (ASF) risk assessment process; the review team offers an explanation of the different risk levels in the program. In addition, an ASF outbreak in a second Asian country, Mongolia, was found in the north-central region. The first foot-and-mouth (FMD) outbreaks reported in South Korea and Morocco since March 2018 and November 2015, respectively, are noted. Details of an FMD outbreak in South Africa’s FMD-free zone are also included.
Mid February Global Disease Monitoring Report
February 19, 2019
Although it has not been officially reported to the OIE, the Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) Animal Health Department released a communication confirming that ASF has been detected in two provinces in northern Vietnam, Hung Yen and Thai Binh, southeast of the capital city of Hanoi and at approximately 100 miles (160 km) from the Chinese border. Eight outbreaks have been reported, and all pigs in the affected farms have been culled. Neighboring farms are being tested as well. Local authorities initiated general measures to contain the outbreaks and disinfect the area through quarantine and restrictions of animal movements, but, so far, the total number of cases is still uncertain.
January 7, 2019
In the Swine Health Information Center’s January Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report, it is stated Heilongjiang province reported the largest infected farm since the start of the African swine fever (ASF) epidemic in China last August. A carcass positive for ASF was found on Taiwan’s shore. An ASF outbreak outside the control zone in Belgium was reported, close to the border of France. Additionally, the largest outbreak of CSF in a Japanese farm since its recurrence in last September was reported. The report also includes information on actions by Chinese and Taiwanese governments related to the disease epidemics.
Mid January Global Disease Monitoring Report
January 16, 2019
In the January 2019 Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report from the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC), we learn African swine fever (ASF) continues to spread in China, including the first outbreaks in Gansu and Ningxia provinces. Additionally, there have been multiple detections of ASF in pork products smuggled into Australia. And there has been a foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak in South Africa’s FMD-free zone. Details on these topics and other news are included in the full report.
December 19, 2018
In August 2015, a new, national outbreak of Seneca Valley A (SVA) began in the US, just one month after the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) started operations. Looking back, we discovered Brazil had gone through an SVA outbreak during the late fall and winter of 2014-15 in the US, during their summer season, preceding the US occurrence. Thank you to Dr. Daniel Linhares of Iowa State University for notifying SHIC of this new SVA outbreak in Brazil and to Dr. Gustavo Simao, Agroceres PIC in Brazil, for offering this on-the-ground update of the current situation.
December 17, 2018
In the December mid-month Global Swine Disease Monitoring Report from the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC), a collection of observations and lessons learned from African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks in China and Europe are shared. In addition, recommendations for US producers to follow to continue to prevent the entry of the virus in this country are detailed. ASF continues to spread in China with Qinghai province reporting their first cases of the virus. It appears the spread in Romania and Poland has slowed. Earlier this month, both China’s General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs as well as the Global ASF Research Alliance released analyses and reports on the issues surrounding the spread of the virus. The mid-month report includes a summary of each.
December 3, 2018
Per the Swine Health Information Center December global disease monitoring report, November was another challenging month for the Chinese authorities and swine industry, as there was a significant expansion of the African swine fever (ASF) epidemic, continuing its southward spread into six new provinces. On November 30, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) published three reports updating the ASF epidemiological situation in their region. In these reports, experts have assessed the effectiveness of wild boar control measures in the region including intensive hunting around the buffer area, quick and safe carcass removal, and fencing. Also, in mid-November, Japan reported the second outbreak of classical swine fever (CSF) on a farm in Gifu prefecture since last September, when the first case of the disease since its eradication (2007) was reported by the country. Several cases in wild boar were reported as follow ups in these last three months.
November 20, 2018
Despite banning interprovincial imports of live hogs and hog products earlier this month, African swine fever has been found in Sichuan province in China, one of that nation’s top pork producing regions. In the mid-November Global Disease Monitoring Report from the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC), it is reported ASF was identified in Yibin City. In addition to Sichuan province, ASF was also identified for the first time in Jiangxi, Fujian, and Hubei provinces since our last report. And the first case of ASF in a wild boar in China was identified in Jilin province in northeastern area of China which significantly increases concerns about control strategies’ effectiveness. The SHIC Global Swine Disease Report also contains information on a report of ASF feed contamination coming from China this month.
November 5, 2018
The most significant event this month was the identification of African swine fever positive farms in southern China. The report of infected farms in Yunnan Province suggests a substantial spread of the disease within China, and an increased risk for neighboring countries, particularly Vietnam, Myanmar, and Laos, which share a porous border with this province. In Colombia, outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease were reported after being declared free with vaccination in 2017. Initially it was observed in cattle, however later on other outbreaks were reported in the northern area of the country in cattle, swine farms, and backyard pigs. The region has good vaccination coverage for cattle, however not for pigs, making the mitigation process challenging. Also in early October, Brazil reported an outbreak of classical swine fever outside the Free-Zone, in the state of Ceará (northeastern area of the country), identified through passive surveillance. Later on, an active surveillance plan identified other outbreaks in the surrounding districts. The current epidemiological investigation is focused in eliminating infection from the region, aiming to control the spread of the disease.
October 16, 2018
Lately there have been no new reports of outbreaks of ASF in new countries, however, Romania, Moldova, Belgium, and China are still being challenged to contain the epidemic. In Europe, wild boars have a main role in the spread of the disease throughout territories, however, in China it was not yet reported in wild animals – only in backyard and farm animals.
October 1, 2018
Emerging diseases continue to be monitored. The European Union (EU) pig industry discussed measures to contain current African swine fever (ASF) cases in Belgium and eastern Europe. Countries such as South Korea, China, Taiwan, Belarus, Mexico, the Philippines, Japan, South Africa, Serbia, Singapore, Uruguay, Australia, and Malaysia have restricted pork imports from infected regions, whereas Ukraine, China, South Korea, Belarus, and Serbia have temporarily banned the purchase of swine feed from Belgium. Some EU countries, such as France, The Netherlands, and Ireland, are pushing for stricter measures to prevent ASF spread into new countries.
September 17, 2018
On September 14th, the OIE official report of the 1st ASF case in Belgium was released, confirming our previous report. On Saturday, 15th, the Federal Agriculture minister confirmed three new cases in the same area of the initial report, identified in wild boars found dead in the city of Etalle (Luxembourg province), near the border with France.
September 13, 2018
ASF has been confirmed in two wild boars near the southern village of Étalle, in the province of Luxembourg, which is located 8 miles (12 km) from the border with France and 11 miles (17 km) from Luxembourg. It appears to have jumped a considerable distance from previously affected countries, about 300 miles (500 km) from the border with the Czech Republic, 500 miles from Hungary, and 750 miles (1,200 km) from the border with Romania (approximate distances). The Belgian authorities report they are working to prevent the possible spread of the disease among wild boar and onto pig farms.
September 9, 2018
On Sunday September 9th, Japan reported the occurrence of Classical Swine fever, in a farm located at Gifu Prefecture, in the central area of the country. Last week, one pig died suddenly, followed by the mortality of 80 others. On Sunday, officials declared the animals as tested positive for Classical Swine fever (CSF), also known as Hog Cholera. Currently, China is facing an epidemic of African Swine Fever, which is totally unrelated to this event in Japan. To date, Japanese Veterinary Services have ruled out the occurrence of African Swine Fever (ASF) in this outbreak or in the country.
September 3, 2018
August was a challenging month to the swine industry, as we saw a growing number of new outbreaks of African swine fever, including its expansion to Asia with China reporting its first case. Also, the continued westward spread was observed with Bulgaria reporting its first case, while Romania is struggling to control the epidemic. Only China and Romania together have officially reported culling 180,000 pigs during this month. Of particular significance, South Korea first identified the virus being transported out of China in pork products. Though the virus was probably dead due to cooking, it increases attention on the likelihood of such transport on airlines is only expanding as the outbreak widens. The current situation creates an alert to the international trade of pork, and many countries are revising their commercial agreements with affected countries.
Disclaimer: It is expected that this trend of ASF outbreaks will continue, thus we will no longer release announcements of individual outbreaks. Updates will be released if something pertinent to the US pork producers occurs. Compiled summaries will be released every other week.
August 30, 2018
African swine fever has been found again in China, this time in Nanling county, part of the city of Wuhu in China’s Anhui province. Located directly west of Shanghai, it is the fifth province reported to be affected by the disease in the last month. One farm with 459 pigs was found to be infected, with 80 killed by the virus and the other 379 destroyed. Further control measures are being put in place in the surrounding area. To date, around 24,000 pigs have already been culled in China since the beginning of the epidemic. Except for the first outbreak, the following four occurred in a radius of 347 miles, all located in the northeast region of the country.
August 23, 2018
African swine fever (ASF) has moved south again in China. This time it has been found in Yueqing City, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 500 miles further along the Pacific seaboard from the last reported case in Lianyungang, Jiangsu. Three farms in a breeding community had 430 pigs affected with 340 of those dying of the disease. Standard procedures of establishing perimeters, culling, and restricting movement have been put in place.
August 20, 2018
A third case of ASF has been reported in a farm in the in Haizhou District, part of the city of Lianyungang, in the Jiangsu Province (map). This area is approximately 350 miles east of the 2nd case, reported last Thursday at a slaughter plant in the city of Zhengzhou, Henan province.
August 16, 2018
There is now a second case of African swine fever (ASF) in China. It was found in a slaughterhouse where 30 pigs died of ASF. The slaughterhouse is located in the city of Zhengzhou in the Henan province. The pigs came from Tangyuan district of the city of Jiamusi, in the Heilongjiang province, over 500 miles to northeast of the first reported herd, which was detected approximately two weeks ago.
August 8, 2018
Last Friday the first case of African Swine Fever (ASF) was reported in China (LINK). First identified on August 1st, the outbreak was located in the northeast, in the city Shenyang, district of Shenbei New, in the province Liaoning, swine dense area 130 miles (208km) of the North Korean border. Infection on a small farm with a herd of 383 pigs, where 47 pigs died from the disease, was confirmed by China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center.
December 17, 2017
African Swine Fever continues to be a major concern in Eastern Europe and Russia. Forty new cases have been found in wild boar around Warsaw, Poland, the furthest west that this disease has been seen in Poland. This has heightened concern of onward transmission to large commercial farms in western Poland and even East Germany.