Domestic Disease Monitoring Reports
PRRS and Deltacoronavirus Activity Noted in Domestic Disease Monitoring Report
There has been a recent increase in cases testing positive for PRRS virus by rRT-PCR. The domestic disease monitoring project advisory group reached consensus that this is possibly due to a) increased use of processing fluid to monitor sow herds, and b) increased PRRS virus activity in grow/finish pigs. There has been a significant increase of processing fluids to test for PRRS virus on sow farms. This specimen was not reported in previous years, and in 2018 accounted for more than 5 percent of total the submissions at the participating VDLs for PRRS rRT-PCR testing.
Deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) activity continues high relative to predicted values based on previous years. There was a 19 percent increase in the number of Central Nervous System (CNS) cases in 2017 compared to 2016. Partial data for spring 2018 indicates a 30 to 40 percent increase in CNS disease compared to spring months of 2017. Streptoccocus suis has been the main pathogen associated with CNS disease.
The May Swine Health Information Center-funded Domestic Swine Disease Monitoring Report PRRS data now includes data from the Iowa State University and University of Minnesota veterinary diagnostic labs. Work to integrate other disease information and laboratories into the report continues.
Update on PRRSV, PEDV, PDCoV, and Central Nervous System Syndrome News – SHIC’s Second Domestic Disease Monitoring Report
The second Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) domestic disease monitoring report includes veterinary diagnostic laboratory (VDL) information about porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), and porcine enteric coronavirus (PEDV) testing, documents an increased porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) detection, as well as news on an increase in central nervous system (CNS) tissue submission.
This VDL collaborative project is aided by an advisory group to help give context to the data and interpret it. The goal is to aggregate swine diagnostic data from participating reporting VDLs then present it in an intuitive format via shared reports and web dashboards. The current report uses Iowa State University VDL information to refine the template with plans to add additional VDLs as soon as possible.
Per the report, sequences requested for PRRSV in the first three months of 2018 were up 16 percent over the same time period in 2017, suggesting increased interest in better characterizing viruses during outbreaks. Data further show a significant increase in percentage of cases testing positive for PRRSV by rRT-PCR, which may be an indication of increased PRRSV activity this winter.
Similarly, the report reflects PEDV information consistent with ongoing, expected incidence of positive testing and anecdotal data on an increase in PDCoV detection. The advisory group’s perception is that the PDCoV increase may be related to clinical disease in suckling pigs, as well as non-clinical, incidental, PDCoV detection in finishing-age pigs.
Information on the incidence of CNS pathogens are based on their identification in tissues from clinical CNS cases. Data show a significant increase in submission of tissues related to clinical CNS signs, again consistent with reports from the field on increased CNS cases.
SHIC’s domestic disease monitoring report describes dynamics of disease detection by pathogen over time, specimen, age group, and geographical space. These reports, as well as SHIC’s global disease monitoring reports, are posted on the SHIC website: www.swinehealth.org and accessible from the homepage navigation menu under Disease Monitoring.
Initial Domestic Disease Monitoring Report
The Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) has posted the first monthly domestic swine disease monitoring report. The report is the result of the veterinary diagnostic lab (VDL) data standardization project SHIC supported. Beginning with monitoring of PEDv, PDCoV, and PRRS, the model describes dynamics of disease detection by pathogen over time, specimen, age group, and geographical space. Additional diseases will be included as the program is refined.
The domestic monitoring report is a SHIC-funded, veterinary diagnostic laboratory collaborative project. An advisory group has been formed to help give context to the data and interpret it. The goal is to aggregate swine diagnostic data from participating reporting VDLs then present it in an intuitive format via shared reports and web dashboards. The report uses data from VDL cases with molecular tests (PCR-based assays and virus genotyping) for these viruses. For this first report, all data was from the Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. The University of Minnesota VDL will incorporate their data beginning with the next report.
To implement infectious disease control and management, precise, science-based information is required. By funding this project, SHIC leads the industry toward better swine health information to positively impact the long-term sustainability of pork production. The near real-time information on swine disease made available by this system will enable better, faster, and more effective response to endemic or foreign infectious diseases. The result is a stronger, more vibrant U.S. pork industry.