SHIC Swine Disease Fact Sheet Updates Offer Current Research on Chikungunya, Menangle, and Sapovirus

Already this spring, the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC) has completed Emerging Disease Fact Sheet updates on getah virus, S. zooepidemicus, and Salmonella 1,4,[5],12:i:-. And more recently, three more updated fact sheets on Chikungunya virus, Menangle virus, and Porcine sapovirus have been posted as well. SHIC continually updates its Swine Disease Fact Sheet library so these expert-prepared documents are available to benefit producers, practitioners, and diagnosticians to assist when an emerging disease is found.

In the refreshed Chikungunya fact sheet, updated information on vector characteristics, testing protocol in humans, and vaccine development were incorporated. In the Menangle virus fact sheet, an improved description of the 1997 outbreak in Australia was included along with updated information on viral characteristics. The Porcine sapovirus fact sheet now discusses a recent outbreak in US swine (Shen H, Zhang J, Gauger PC, et al. Genetic characterization of porcine sapoviruses isolated from pigs during a diarrhea outbreak in Iowa, 2019. Transbound Emerg Dis. Mar 29 2021;doi:10.1111/tbed.14087h) while updated prevalence and classification information for sapoviruses was added as well.

SHIC Swine Disease Fact Sheets begin with a summary section for easy access to the most important information. The comprehensive literature review process for recent updates, and insertion of additional information into the fact sheets, results in more complete information on the emerging swine disease. All revised fact sheets now follow this intuitive order:

Researchers, practitioners, and diagnosticians are encouraged to share new information that would update content of Fact Sheets by contacting SHIC at

SHIC, launched in 2015 with Pork Checkoff funding, continues to focus efforts on prevention, preparedness, and response to novel and emerging swine disease for the benefit of US swine health. As a conduit of information and research, SHIC encourages sharing of its publications and research. Forward, reprint, and quote SHIC material freely. SHIC is funded by America’s pork producers to fulfill its mission to protect and enhance the health of the US swine herd. For more information, visit or contact Dr. Sundberg at